Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation are the two types of motivation. The prime difference is whether you work for inner peace or an external reward.
Motivation is a force that drives you to work for your goals. Sometimes you get motivated for your inner satisfaction or desires called intrinsic motivation. While sometimes you work for your external tangible reward and this is called extrinsic motivation.
Here we will dig deeper into intrinsic and extrinsic motivation.
What is Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation?
- Intrinsic Motivation:
In simple words, when you get motivation to work for your internal desire and satisfaction, it is called intrinsic motivation.
You work because you enjoy doing it and don’t expect any external reward. You are grateful for these tasks and get a positive feeling of doing it. Also, you get a sense of overall well being. This could be your job, your business, your favorite sport, traveling, etc.
- Extrinsic Motivation:
When you get motivation from an external reward, then it comes under extrinsic motivation. In this you don’t do the work enjoyment or because you love it but for some external tangible reward.
These external rewards are mostly materialistic things or to avoid punishment. It doesn’t come from inside you rather it arises because of your needs in life.
Can Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation go hand in hand?
Even though they are almost opposite to each other, still there are times when they coexist.
For example, I started digital marketing because I enjoy doing it and always curious to learn more about this. This is all because I have enough intrinsic motivation.
Also, I get paychecks for it which fulfills my daily needs. This is extrinsic motivation. But keep in mind, applying too much external rewards can damage your intrinsic motivation.
So, this means intrinsic and extrinsic motivation can coexist.
Difference between Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation
The prime difference between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation is the type of reward – Internal or External. But, there are two more differences between them as stated below:
In extrinsic motivation, satisfaction comes after the job done in the form of some tangible reward. It takes time to come and lasts for a short period of time.
While in intrinsic motivation, the job itself is the reward and satisfaction that lasts throughout the job.
That’s why intrinsic motivators are much more satisfactory.
- Long Run
Intrinsic motivation helps you in the long run as you enjoy the task. While extrinsic motivation is not as effective as intrinsic motivation because you only work for an external reward.
When and How to cultivate Intrinsic Motivation?
Intrinsic Motivation comes from within to satisfy your internal desires. Mostly it arises when you are curious to know something new, want to take control of situations, or want to improve your skills.
But there are some specific situations when it can be most useful and these can help you to cultivate it also.
- Long-Term Goals
Getting Intrinsic motivation is best for long-term goals especially when you don’t enjoy doing it. And, in such a scenario, extrinsic motivation also can work up to a certain limit.
So try to motivate yourself intrinsically.
For example: If you are only extrinsically motivated to do a task. Then, try to find the parts you enjoy doing in the whole procedure. Also, take this task as a new challenge which helps you grow in life once you accomplish it.
With such a mindset, you will be more curious about the task and will also get internal motivation.
- To improve other’s work quality and productivity
Encourage others to do more of the past they enjoy or praise them about the task they are doing well.
This will increase their sense of personal satisfaction and they will be somewhat more curious about the job. This curiosity will help them to increase their performance.
- Your Instincts
When you go with your instincts and do what feels right, you are somewhere motivating yourself internally. So, just believe yourself and do the right thing.
- Thirst for knowledge
When you strive for knowledge, you acquire new skills or advance the existing ones. And, acquiring new skills or advancing the existing ones comes under intrinsic motivation.
When and How to cultivate Extrinsic Motivation?
You can easily get extrinsic motivation by introducing external rewards like a treat, some bonus, a short trip, etc. Like intrinsic motivation, there are also some specific situations in which this is most useful.
- Short Term Goals
They are very much useful in accomplishing short term goals. You can simply put a reward after every accomplished short term task. These rewards can result in great motivation for short-term goals.
- For increased outcomes in an organization
Extrinsic motivation is great employee motivation. Giving adequate rewards or increments or bonuses can motivate your employees to work harder.
This will increase their productivity and hence, there will be an increase in outcomes also.
Which one is better?
Both intrinsic and extrinsic motivations have their own role in life. But, researchers suggest intrinsic motivation is much better than extrinsic motivation.
Because intrinsic motivation is motivation from within while extrinsic motivation requires an external reward to drive you.
It doesn’t mean extrinsic motivation is bad as it can help you to acquire new skills and complete your short term goals effectively.
However, introducing excess external rewards when you are already internally motivated can reduce intrinsic motivation. This is known as the overjustification effect.
Also, a study in 2008 found that extrinsic rewards undermine the interest of children in the same toy with which he engaged before rewards.
Intrinsic and extrinsic motivations have their own effect on life. Although intrinsic motivation can help you in long run but extrinsic motivation also helps you in acquiring new skills and knowledge.
They both can exist at the same time. But too much of extrinsic motivation when you are internally motivated can hurt your intrinsic motivation. Still, you can use extrinsic motivation to motivate yourself intrinsically. Try to make your work your passion; you will have more intrinsic motivation.